Giorgio De Chirico (Volos, 1888 – Rome, 1978)
Giorgio De Chirico was born in Greece in 1888. He settled in Florence after his father's death.
Hence his interest in German culture and the desire to reach Monaco where he moved in 1906. Here he studied Nietzsche, Schopenhauer and Weininger as well as painting symbolist and decadent Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger.
In 1910 De Chirico was in Paris and became friends with the poets Guillaume Apollinaire and Paul Valéry, but not swayed by cubismodi which was supported by Apollinaire. De Chirico is not affected by the search of historical vanguards, towards which he demonstrates to be polemical, even though they would have liked him to be amongst them.
His paintings are dominated by dreamlike visions, and landscapes and people who follow mythology and classical Greek. At the outbreak of the Great War, De Chirico moved to Ferrara, where he met Carrà, together they invented metaphysical painting.
From 1918 to 1922 he took part in "Plastic Values." In 1924 he returned to Paris, where he attended the “Surrealists”. Although he didn’t take part in the poetic groups, Breton and his comrades considered him to be a precursor.
De Chirico, whom changed the course of modern painting, continued to paint mythological subjects, empty and enigmatic squares, still life and was immediately considered as one of the most important Italian artists of the 900’s.